These questions are general in nature and provide foundational information on a single concept. Background questions cover:
What is the pathology of asthma?
What drugs are used to treat hypertension?
How do I perform a psychological assessment?
What education resources exist for patients with gestational diabetes?
How is hepititis B diagnosed?
What does a normal heartbeat sound like?
These questions are best answered using the resources found in the Background Info page of this guide.
These questions bring together multiple concepts related to a specific clinical situation or research topic. They are typically divided into two categories:
These questions are best answered using the resources found in the 6S Pyramid page of this guide.
Building an effective foreground question can be challenging. The following models will help:
Qualitative Questions: The PS Model
P - Patient/Population
How do/does ___[P]____ experience _____[S]_____?
Ex. How do caregiver-spouses of Alzheimer patients experience placing their spouse in a nursing home?
Quantitative Questions: The PICO(T) Model
A quantitative approach can answer many different types of questions, but all can be formatted by following the PICO(T) Model outlined below:
PISCO, an alternate of the PICO Model can be useful for public health research questions.
P - Population
I - Intervention
S - Setting (if appropriate)
C - Comparison or intervention (if approriate)
O - Outcome you would like to measure or achieve