This is the "6S Pyramid" page of the "Resources for Evidence-Based Practice" guide.
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Resources for Evidence-Based Practice  

Last Updated: Sep 4, 2014 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

6S Pyramid Print Page

The 6S Pyramid

Six S Pyramid


Off-Campus Access

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The small lock icon LibAccess lock icon beside a link indicates this is an online library resource. You have to login to LibAccess when off-campus to access the full-text articles and videos. When you click on the resource link from off-campus you'll be redirected to a login page. 

Core Concepts

EBM Toolbox

Still Searching?

Having trouble finding what you're looking for?  Try expanding your search to include these grey literature and interdisciplinary databases:



Integrating information from the lower levels of the hiearchy with individual patient records, systems represent the ideal source of evidence for clinical decision-making. 


Summaries are regularly updated clinical guidelines or textbooks that integrate evidence-based information about specific clinical problems.

Synopses of Syntheses

Synopses of syntheses, summarize the information found in systematic reviews.  By drawing conclusions from evidence at lower levels of the pyramid, these synopses often provide sufficient information to support clinical action.


Commonly referred to as a systematic review, a synthesis is a comprehensive summary of all the evidence surrounding a specific research question.    

Synopses of Single Studies

Synopses of single studies summarize evidence from high-quality studies.   The following evidence-based abstract journals are the best place to find this type of information:

Single Studies

Studies represent unique research conducted to answer specific clincial questions.



Meta-Searches search for evidence across multiple resources.  These tools return information from all levels of the pyramid:

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